World Economic Forum publicerar varje år en rapport där några av de största riskerna som världen står inför identifieras.

Inte oväntat får miljö- och klimathotet en framträdande plats också i årets rapport, som går under namnet The Global Risks Report 2018 (pdf).

This follows a year characterized by high-impact hurricanes, extreme temperatures and the first rise in CO2 emissions for four years. We have been pushing our planet to the brink and the damage is becoming increasingly clear. Biodiversity is being lost at mass-extinction rates, agricultural systems are under strain and pollution of the air and sea has become an increasingly pressing threat to human health.

I rapporten görs klart att det kommer krävas nya typer av samarbeten för att hantera dessa typer av kriser.

The risk that political factors might disrupt efforts to mitigate climate change was highlighted last year when President Trump announced plans to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement. However, several other major economies—notably China—reaffirmed their support of the Paris Agreement during 2017. In addition, many US businesses, cities and states have pledged to help deliver on the country’s emissions reduction targets. This kind of network of subnational and public-private collaboration may become an increasingly important means of countering climate change and other environmental risks, particularly at a time when nation-state unilateralism
appears to be ascendant.